A study of domestic football across 79 countries by global players' union FIFPRO revealed less than one-third have a well-functioning system with stable employment conditions.
The report, named 'Shaping Our Future' and based on economic market inputs from auditing firm KPMG, reported a lack of national and international financial protection schemes to guarantee players their salaries.
Europe's top-five domestic leagues, England, France, Germany, Spain and Italy were supported as having a "high degree of stability", whereas there were 23 countries facing "significant challenges to development".
"We are in the middle of a new wave of industrial and societal development but the culture and governance in the game is stuck in the past," said FIFPRO General Secretary Jonas Baer-Hoffmann.
"Players must have a say on issues that affect their working conditions and take their rightful position in decision-making structures.
"It is time for a new 'social contract' and a commitment to treat players – male, female, on all continents – with dignity and respect."
The report stated that countries who have a robust governance, stakeholder representation and collective agreements with its player unions will have stability and sustained development.
An example of this within the study showed players experienced better working conditions and stability in the Netherlands, which has a small revenue, compared to a larger football economy such as that in Turkey.
Author: Jake Wilkin